Apache Jmeter 压测入门

Jmeter是一款优秀的开源测试工具, 是每个资深测试工程师,必须掌握的测试工具,熟练使用Jmeter能大大提高工作效率。

本文将通过一个实际的测试例子, 来讲解Jmeter的基本用法。

Jmeter 介绍

Jmeter  是一款使用Java开发的,开源免费的,测试工具, 主要用来做功能测试和性能测试(压力测试/负载测试). 

而且用Jmeter 来测试 Restful API, 非常好用。

 

如何学好Jmeter

如果你用Jmeter去对Web进行功能测试,或者性能测试。 你必须熟练HTTP协议,才能学好Jmeter。 否则你很难理解Jmeter中得概念。

 

Jmeter  下载和运行

官方网站:http://jmeter.apache.org/

解压后, 运行  “bin/jmeter.bat”   

Jmeter 是支持中文的, 启动Jmeter 后, 点击 Options -> Choose Language  来选择语言

 

实际测试的例子

目标: 获取JEECG BOOT 在线开发模块的表单字段元数据

 

第一步: 发送request 获取字段元数据

http://127.0.0.1:8080/jeecg-boot/online/cgform/api/getColumns/22d36f6b7c08457e9659c54fcfa8eec5

从这个请求的response 中获取到表单字段信息. 比如:

{"success":true,"message":"操作成功!","code":0,"result":{"code":"22d36f6b7c08457e9659c54fcfa8eec5","formTemplate":"1","description":"kkkk","currentTableName":"kkkk","tableType":1,"paginationFlag":"Y","checkboxFlag":"Y","scrollFlag":1,"columns":[{"title":"用户名","dataIndex":"name","align":"center","customRender":null,"scopedSlots":null,"hrefSlotName":null,"sorter":false},{"title":"年龄","dataIndex":"age","align":"center","customRender":null,"scopedSlots":null,"hrefSlotName":null,"sorter":false},{"title":"金额","dataIndex":"money","align":"center","customRender":null,"scopedSlots":null,"hrefSlotName":null,"sorter":false},{"title":"个税","dataIndex":"geshui","align":"center","customRender":null,"scopedSlots":null,"hrefSlotName":null,"sorter":false},{"title":"日期","dataIndex":"dates","align":"center","customRender":null,"scopedSlots":null,"hrefSlotName":null,"sorter":false},{"title":"cc","dataIndex":"ccc2","align":"center","customRender":null,"scopedSlots":null,"hrefSlotName":null,"sorter":false},{"title":"aaa","dataIndex":"aaa","align":"center","customRender":null,"scopedSlots":null,"hrefSlotName":null,"sorter":false},{"title":"dd","dataIndex":"dddd","align":"center","customRender":null,"scopedSlots":{"customRender":"dateSlot"},"hrefSlotName":null,"sorter":false},{"title":"iii","dataIndex":"iii","align":"center","customRender":null,"scopedSlots":null,"hrefSlotName":null,"sorter":false},{"title":"do","dataIndex":"do","align":"center","customRender":null,"scopedSlots":null,"hrefSlotName":null,"sorter":false},{"title":"tttt","dataIndex":"ttttt","align":"center","customRender":null,"scopedSlots":null,"hrefSlotName":null,"sorter":false},{"title":"开关","dataIndex":"swtich","align":"center","customRender":"swtich","scopedSlots":null,"hrefSlotName":null,"sorter":false},{"title":"dddd","dataIndex":"dddd22","align":"center","customRender":"dddd22","scopedSlots":null,"hrefSlotName":null,"sorter":false}],"hideColumns":[],"dictOptions":{"dddd22":[{"value":"Y","text":"是","title":"是"},{"value":"N","text":"否","title":"否"}],"swtich":[{"value":"Y","text":"是","title":"是"},{"value":"N","text":"否","title":"否"}]},"cgButtonList":[],"fieldHrefSlots":[],"enhanceJs":null,"foreignKeys":[],"pidField":null,"hasChildrenField":null,"textField":null},"timestamp":1591150936483}

 

第二步:  发送request 需要设置head参数 X-Access-Token

 

第一步: 新建一个Thread Group

必须新建一个Thread Group,  jmeter的所有任务都必须由线程处理,所有任务都必须在线程组下面创建。

 

第二步:新建一个 HTTP Request

 

比如我要发送一个Get 方法的http 请求:http://127.0.0.1:8080/jeecg-boot/online/cgform/api/getColumns/22d36f6b7c08457e9659c54fcfa8eec5

可以按照下图这么填

 

第三步 添加HTTP Head Manager

选中上一步新建的HTTP request. 右键,新建一个Http Header manager. 添加一个header

 

第四步: 添加View Results Tree

View Results Tree 是用来看运行的结果的

 

第五步:运行测试,查看结果

到这里。 我们已经成功运行起来了。

第六步:设置线程数,查看并发结果

线程数改成500左右
压测一般都先测单服务,单服务通过后测集群
单机吞吐量至少2000/sec

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